In most states, there is a difference between manslaughter and murder.
In Minnesota, if an individual causes the death of another, they may face manslaughter or murder charges, depending on the facts and circumstances.
The state will analyze the circumstances surrounding the homicide and determine whether to file murder or manslaughter charges.
The circumstances of a homicide will also dictate the degree of the alleged crime.
Homicide charges can be confusing, and it can be challenging to understand the difference between a manslaughter and a murder charge.
Minnesota Manslaughter vs. Murder Statutes
The difference between manslaughter and murder usually rests on the perceived intention of an actor.
Is there evidence that the killing was intentional? Was there reckless conduct that allegedly caused the death of another?
Is there evidence to suggest a crime of passion occurred? In most states, as in Minnesota, there are several distinctions between the two offenses.
You can be charged with first, second, or third-degree murder in Minnesota.
First Degree Murder
Murder in the first degree is the most severe homicide offense. Under Minnesota law, an individual who causes the death of another with premeditation and intent to kill is guilty of first-degree murder.
The main difference between first-degree murder and second-degree murder is the element of premeditation, also known as forethought or planning.
Second Degree Murder
An individual is guilty of second-degree murder in Minnesota if they cause the death of another with intent to cause that person’s death but without premeditation.
In other words, although the murder is intentional, there was no plan or forethought to kill.
Third Degree Murder
Murder in the third degree is the least severe murder charge, a step up from manslaughter.
Under the statute, an individual may be guilty of third-degree murder if, without intent to cause the death of another person, they cause their death through eminently dangerous actions, with a depraved mind, and without regard for human life.
This charge is commonly filed in cases of drug overdose deaths if the state thinks there’s evidence that someone gave or sold the deceased the controlled substance that caused the overdose death.
In Minnesota, you can be charged with first or second-degree manslaughter.
Under Minnesota law, first-degree manslaughter occurs when an individual:
- Intends to cause the death of another person; and
- Was provoked by words or actions that would provoke any ordinary reasonable person under similar circumstances.
This is often referred to as a crime of passion or killing in the heat of passion.
The classic example of a heat of passion killing is when an individual walks in on their spouse cheating and kills their spouse or lover in the heat of passion.
In Minnesota, involuntary manslaughter is classified as second-degree manslaughter.
A person is guilty of second-degree manslaughter if their reckless or negligent actions result in the death of another person.
This can be a common charge in cases involving fatal car accidents.
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Attorney John Arechigo has a passion for criminal defense in St. Paul, MN. John received his J.D., from Hamline University School of Law and also carries a Bachelor of Arts from, The University of Minnesota. John was named Attorney of the Year for 2019 by Minnesota Lawyer. Additionally, John was also named as a 2019 Rising Star and was selected to Minnesota Super Lawyers in 2021. He devotes nearly 100% of his practice to defending individuals charged with a crime.