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Working in the HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning) industry presents various dangers and risks that require careful consideration and precaution.

Exposure to hazardous substances such as refrigerants, asbestos, and mold is a common concern for HVAC technicians. Inhalation or skin contact with these substances can lead to serious health issues.

Moreover, the job’s physical demands can result in musculoskeletal injuries due to heavy lifting, awkward postures, and repetitive movements.

Additionally, falls from heights while installing or repairing equipment can also lead to severe injuries or even fatalities.

Consult a Minnesota workers’ comp attorney if you have suffered HVAC injuries. An attorney can help you access the state’s unique benefits, such as vocational rehabilitation and wage loss benefits, which may not be available in other jurisdictions.

They can also assist in handling disputes with insurance companies or employers, advocating for your rights, and maximizing your compensation. 

Rate of HVAC Injuries in Minnesota

In 2022, Minnesota experienced a slight increase in workplace injury and illness rates compared to 2021, as reported in the annual Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses.

Minnesota’s estimated nonfatal workplace injuries and illnesses rate was 3.8 cases per 100 full-time-equivalent (FTE) workers in 2022, up from 3.4 cases per 100 FTE workers in 2021.

Several industries stood out with the highest total injury and illness rates. These included state government hospitals with a rate of 31.4 cases per 100 FTE workers, the private sector in performing arts, spectator sports, and related fields with a rate of 22.0, and state government nursing and residential care facilities with a rate of 15.9.

These findings highlight the ongoing risks and challenges that workers in specific industries face, leading to workplace injuries and illnesses.

Factors such as the nature of the work, exposure to hazards, and workplace safety practices play a significant role in these rates. Almost all of these industries employ HVAC workers to maintain their facilities.

Employers must prioritize safety measures to reduce workplace injuries and implement effective training and prevention strategies in these high-risk sectors.

HVAC Workplace Injuries

The HVAC industry is critical in ensuring indoor comfort and air quality. However, Minnesota HVAC technicians face various occupational hazards that can lead to injuries and illnesses.

Understanding these common injuries is essential for HVAC workers and employers to implement preventive measures and promote workplace safety.

Musculoskeletal Injuries

One of the most prevalent types of injuries among HVAC technicians in Minnesota is musculoskeletal injuries.

These injuries often result from the physical demands of the job, including lifting heavy equipment, working in awkward positions, and repetitive tasks.

According to the Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry (DLI), overexertion or lifting-related injuries accounted for a significant portion of workers’ compensation claims in the state.

To prevent these injuries, HVAC technicians should receive proper training in ergonomics, lifting techniques, and assistive equipment such as dollies and lifting straps.

Employers can also help by providing ergonomic workstations and promoting safe lifting practices.


Falls from heights or slips and trips are another common cause of injuries in the HVAC industry. Technicians often work on rooftops, ladders, or elevated platforms, which can be precarious.

Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) shows that falls accounted for a notable portion of workplace injuries in the construction and maintenance industry, which includes HVAC work.

Proper fall protection measures, such as guardrails, safety harnesses, and non-slip footwear, prevent falls.

Electrical Hazards

HVAC systems involve working with electrical components and systems, putting technicians at risk of electrical shocks and burns. Improper handling of wiring or failing to de-energize equipment can lead to severe injuries.

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) provides guidelines for electrical safety in the workplace, emphasizing the importance of lockout/tagout procedures and personal protective equipment (PPE) like insulated gloves.

Exposure to Hazardous Substances

HVAC technicians may encounter hazardous substances like refrigerants, asbestos, and mold. Prolonged exposure or inadequate protection can result in respiratory issues, skin problems, or other health complications.

The Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) provides information and guidelines on dealing with hazardous substances encountered in HVAC work, emphasizing the importance of proper handling, disposal, and protective measures.

Technicians should receive training on safely handling these substances, and employers should provide appropriate personal protective equipment and ventilation systems to minimize exposure risks.

Extreme Temperatures

HVAC work often involves exposure to extreme temperatures, whether in unconditioned spaces like sweltering attics or freezing basements. This exposure can lead to heat-related illnesses, hypothermia, or frostbite if precautions are not taken.

Regular breaks and awareness of early signs of heat or cold stress are also vital.

Mechanical Hazards

Working with moving parts and machinery in HVAC systems poses a risk of getting caught in equipment, leading to severe injuries such as amputations or crushed limbs.

Employers should ensure that guards and safety mechanisms are in place and functioning correctly.

Sharp Tools and Materials

HVAC technicians use various tools and materials, some of which can be sharp or abrasive. Accidents involving these tools can result in cuts, punctures, or abrasions.

Chemical Exposure

Cleaning agents, solvents, and chemicals are commonly used in HVAC maintenance and cleaning.

Mishandling or exposure to these substances without adequate protection can lead to chemical burns, skin irritation, or respiratory problems. HVAC technicians should be trained in the safe use and disposal of chemicals. 

Vehicle Accidents

HVAC technicians often travel to job sites in service vans or trucks. This exposes them to road accidents, especially during adverse weather conditions.

Employers should prioritize safe driving practices, regular vehicle maintenance, and the provision of defensive driving training to reduce the likelihood of accidents on the road.

Noise-Induced Hearing Loss

HVAC equipment can produce high levels of noise, which, when consistently exposed without hearing protection, can lead to permanent hearing loss over time.

Technicians should wear appropriate hearing protection devices, and employers should implement noise control measures in HVAC systems to minimize noise exposure.

HVAC technicians in Minnesota face a range of occupational hazards that can result in injuries and illnesses.

To mitigate these risks and promote workplace safety, employers should prioritize training, provide adequate personal protective equipment, adhere to safety regulations, and establish a safety culture within their organizations. 

 Speak with an Experienced Minnesota Workers’ Compensation Attorney About Your Injuries

If you are an HVAC worker and recently suffered injuries in a workplace accident or otherwise developed a health condition as a result of your employment, the dedicated Minnesota workers’ compensation lawyers at Arechigo & Stokka can help.

At Arechigo & Stokka, we have decades of combined experience connecting workers’ with meaningful benefits, helping them overcome their injuries and get back to their life.

We offer free consultations to all injured workers, during which we will provide you with an overview of the recovery process, answer your questions and explain how we can help connect you with the benefit you are entitled to.

To learn more and to schedule a free consultation today, give Arechigo & Stokka a call or reach out to us through our online contact form.

Author Photo Joshua R. Stokka

Josh has been representing injured workers for over 10 years. Josh was born and raised in Fargo, North Dakota, and attended the University of Minnesota-Duluth where he earned a Bachelor of Arts Degree in Criminology. Mr. Stokka alson received his law degree from the Hamline University School of Law. During law school, Josh clerked at a Minnesota law firm specializing in personal injury and workers’ compensation. Prior to practicing in the area of workers’ compensation, Josh clerked for a judge in the 7th Judicial District in Minnesota. This valuable experience gave him insight into how judges think, do their jobs behind the scene, and how to frame a case in order to obtain a favorable result.  Now, he focuses 100% of his practice on defending injured workers in Minnesota.

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